The construction industry is transforming significantly thanks to VDC (Virtual Design and Construction). Through the use of 3D modelling and visualisation technologies, VDC offers key benefits that improve efficiency and reduce errors at all stages of a construction project.
What is Virtual Design and Construction?
Virtual Design and Construction (VDC) is a design and construction methodology that uses 3D modelling and simulation tools to optimise the construction process and reduce associated risks and costs.
It is based on the integration of BIM (Building Information Modelling) technologies and specialised software tools, which allow designers and constructors to work in a collaborative digital environment and visualise the entire project prior to actual construction.
VDC is used to improve the quality and safety of the construction project, as well as to coordinate and plan construction more efficiently and effectively. The use of digital models can help identify potential risks, such as accessibility issues or teams interferences, which can help prevent accidents and improve safety on the construction site.
Differences between BIM and VDC
Although BIM and VDC are closely related, they differ in certain aspects:
BIM is a construction project management methodology that uses 3D virtual models to plan, design, construct and operate buildings and structures. This model contains detailed information on all aspects of the construction project, such as architectural design, structural engineering, mechanical, electrical and plumbing systems, materials and costs. BIM focuses on the detailed representation of the geometry, material information and construction data of the building.
On the other hand, VDC is a broader methodology that involves the integration of BIM and other advanced software tools to improve construction planning and coordination. It allows the creation of a virtual model of the building and enables the design and construction teams to work together in a digital environment and visualise the entire job prior to construction. This methodology focuses on construction coordination and planning, as well as improving the efficiency and quality of the process.
Use of VDC in the construction industry
The use of VDC in the construction sector has become increasingly popular in recent years due to the advantages it offers. Some of the ways in which VDC is used in construction are:
- Planning and coordination: It is used to create a virtual model of the building and allows the various teams to work in a collaborative digital environment. This allows all project teams to work together to coordinate and plan the project in detail, reducing errors and modifications during the actual construction.
- Simulation and visualisation: VDC can simulate and visualise different construction scenarios before construction begins. This allows you to anticipate problems during development before they occur on site, leading to an increase in project quality.
- Cost and schedule control: It can analyse and manage project costs and deadlines in real time. This makes it easier to identify and resolve problems associated with these terms. This results in reduced investment and greater efficiency.
- Construction management: VDC is used for construction management in all phases of the project. This includes scheduling, resource management, team coordination and safety monitoring. VDC enables construction managers to have a complete view of the project in real time and make informed decisions to improve the efficiency and quality.
This industry has faced many challenges in terms of project coordination and management due to the complexity of projects and the number of stakeholders involved. The use of VDC has changed this situation completely as it enables the planning and coordination of different teams through a virtual model. In addition, it improves the efficiency, quality and safety of the project in all its phases, from planning to construction and management.